Software Testing — Test Strategy
What is Test Strategy:
The Test Strategy Document is a high-level document that confirms the types or levels of tests that will be run on the product and describes the testing methodology used in the Software Development Life Cycle. Once the test plan has been written and approved by the project manager and development team, it cannot be changed.
Test Strategy Document:
The Test Strategy Document is a well-written piece of software testing documentation that outlines the precise methodology and testing goals for the software application. The test document, which is a crucial document for QA teams and is derived from actual business requirements, directs the entire team on the strategy to software testing and the goals for each activity in the process.
A test strategy document answers all of your queries, such as what you want to accomplish and how you intend to do it. A tester can develop this competence with practice by writing an effective strategy document. The plan for the testing strategy should be shared with the entire team so that everyone is clear on roles and expectations.
The Goal of the Test Strategy:
To ensure that all purposes are fully addressed and understood by all stakeholders, we should systematically design a test strategy. This is the main goal of writing the test strategy.
A test strategy’s secondary goal is to assist various quality assurance stakeholders with resource planning, language selection, test and integration level selection, traceability, roles and duties, etc.
Features of Test Strategy Document:
The test strategy document is essential in the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle). It covers a number of important details, like who will carry out the testing, what will be tested, how it will be successful, and what risks and incidents will be connected to it.
The following are some other traits of the Test Strategy document:
- The test strategy document has been accepted and reviewed by the following individuals:
- Test Team Lead
- Development Manager
- Quality Analyst Manager
- Product Manager
- The test strategy document outlines the resources, scope, plan, methodology, etc. for various testing tasks.
- Once it is prepared or finished, the project test team uses it to specify how testing will be carried out.
- The BRS (Business Requirements Specifications) documents are the primary source of this information.
- The test strategy document is a high-level document that typically doesn’t change, indicating that it doesn’t go through regular, needless changes.
- A test plan document aids the particular team in quickly achieving the testing goals.
- With the help of the test plan document, the respective team easily achieves the testing objectives.
Components of Test Strategy Document:
A test strategy describes the test effort, test domain, test configurations, and test tools that will be used to verify and validate a collection of functionalities. It also provides schedules, resource allocations, and employee utilization data. For the test team (Test) to be as organized and effective as possible, this data is crucial. A test plan, which collects and arranges test cases according to functional areas and/or types of testing in a format that can be presented to other teams and/or consumers, is different from a test strategy. Both are essential parts of the quality assurance process because they help convey the scope of the test methodology, guarantee test coverage, and boost the effectiveness of the testing effort.
The following are the components of the test strategy:
- Scope and Overview
- Testing Methodology
- Testing Environment Specifications
- Testing Tools
- Release Control
- Risk Analysis
- Review and Approvals
Scope and Overview:
- The scope and overview section makes up the first part of the test strategy document.
- Information about who should evaluate, approve, and use the document is included in every product’s overview.
- The testing phases and activities that required approval were also described in the test strategy document.
Testing and Methodology:
- Testing methodology is the next module in the test strategy document, and it is mostly used to define the testing levels, testing process, roles, and duties of every team member.
- The testing strategy also includes the activity to handle the modification request, the pattern to be utilized, and the change management process.
- Above all, improperly establishing the test strategy document could result in future faults or mistakes.
Testing Environment Specifications
- Testing Environment Specification is another element of the test strategy document.
- The test data requirements’ specification is quite important, as we already know. As a result, the test strategy document’s testing environment specification includes precise instructions on how to produce test data.
- This module describes the number of environments and the configuration required.
- To prevent data loss due to coding or programming errors, backup and restore procedures are also provided.
- Testing tools are an important part of the test strategy document since it contains detailed information on the test management and automation tools required for test execution.
- The required approaches and tools for security, performance, and load testing are dictated by the details of the open-source or commercial technology and the number of users that it can support.
- Release Control is a further significant part of the test strategy document.
- It serves as a check that release management and test execution techniques are being designed properly and effectively.
- Risk Analysis is the next section of the test strategy paper.
- All possible risks associated with the project that could cause a problem during test execution are listed in the test strategy document.
- In order to ensure that these risks are being taken properly, a clear plan is also developed for inclining them.
- In the event that the development team encounters these risks in real time, we also establish a backup plan.
Review and Approvals:
- Review and Approval is the last section of the testing strategy document.
- The test strategy document is reviewed by the relevant parties, such as:
- System Administration Team
- Project Management Team
- Development Team
- Business Team
- The document should be started with the right date, approver name, comment, and summary of the evaluated changes.
- It should also be reviewed and updated frequently when the testing procedure is improved.
Types of Test Strategies:
- Methodical strategy
- Reactive strategy
- Analytical strategy
- Standards compliant or Process compliant strategy
- Model-based strategy
- Regression averse strategy
- Consultative strategy
Test strategy selection:
The following factors may influence the test approach choice:
- The test strategy chosen is determined on the nature and size of the organization.
- Depending on the needs of the project, we can choose a test strategy. For example, applications connected to safety and security need a strict strategy.
- On the basis of the product development model, we may choose the test strategy.
- After properly understanding the test strategy document, we can finally state that it offers a vivid image of what the test team will do during the entire project.
- Only individuals with extensive product domain experience should prepare for the test strategy document because it will serve as the team’s guide.
- Additionally, because it is a static document, it cannot be changed or modified throughout the whole project life cycle.
- The Test strategy document can be sent to the complete testing team before any testing operations start.
- If the test strategy document is properly created, it will broaden the entire testing process and create a high-quality system.
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About the Author:
Jagadeesh is a test automation engineer with extensive experience in automating web and mobile applications. His expertise includes Software QA testing across the software development life cycle, including designing, developing, and implementing test plans, test cases and test processes.