Software Testing — Test Strategy

What is Test Strategy:

The Test Strategy Document is a high-level document that confirms the types or levels of tests that will be run on the product and describes the testing methodology used in the Software Development Life Cycle. Once the test plan has been written and approved by the project manager and development team, it cannot be changed.

Test Strategy Document:

The Test Strategy Document is a well-written piece of software testing documentation that outlines the precise methodology and testing goals for the software application. The test document, which is a crucial document for QA teams and is derived from actual business requirements, directs the entire team on the strategy to software testing and the goals for each activity in the process.

A test strategy document answers all of your queries, such as what you want to accomplish and how you intend to do it. A tester can develop this competence with practice by writing an effective strategy document. The plan for the testing strategy should be shared with the entire team so that everyone is clear on roles and expectations.

The Goal of the Test Strategy:

To ensure that all purposes are fully addressed and understood by all stakeholders, we should systematically design a test strategy. This is the main goal of writing the test strategy.

A test strategy’s secondary goal is to assist various quality assurance stakeholders with resource planning, language selection, test and integration level selection, traceability, roles and duties, etc.

Features of Test Strategy Document:

The test strategy document is essential in the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle). It covers a number of important details, like who will carry out the testing, what will be tested, how it will be successful, and what risks and incidents will be connected to it.

The following are some other traits of the Test Strategy document:

  • The test strategy document has been accepted and reviewed by the following individuals:

Components of Test Strategy Document:

A test strategy describes the test effort, test domain, test configurations, and test tools that will be used to verify and validate a collection of functionalities. It also provides schedules, resource allocations, and employee utilization data. For the test team (Test) to be as organized and effective as possible, this data is crucial. A test plan, which collects and arranges test cases according to functional areas and/or types of testing in a format that can be presented to other teams and/or consumers, is different from a test strategy. Both are essential parts of the quality assurance process because they help convey the scope of the test methodology, guarantee test coverage, and boost the effectiveness of the testing effort.

The following are the components of the test strategy:

  • Scope and Overview

Scope and Overview:

  • The scope and overview section makes up the first part of the test strategy document.

Testing and Methodology:

  • Testing methodology is the next module in the test strategy document, and it is mostly used to define the testing levels, testing process, roles, and duties of every team member.

Testing Environment Specifications

  • Testing Environment Specification is another element of the test strategy document.

Testing Tools:

  • Testing tools are an important part of the test strategy document since it contains detailed information on the test management and automation tools required for test execution.

Release Control:

  • Release Control is a further significant part of the test strategy document.

Risk Analysis:

  • Risk Analysis is the next section of the test strategy paper.

Review and Approvals:

  • Review and Approval is the last section of the testing strategy document.

Types of Test Strategies:

  • Methodical strategy

Test strategy selection:

The following factors may influence the test approach choice:

  • The test strategy chosen is determined on the nature and size of the organization.


  • After properly understanding the test strategy document, we can finally state that it offers a vivid image of what the test team will do during the entire project.

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About the Author:

Jagadeesh is a test automation engineer with extensive experience in automating web and mobile applications. His expertise includes Software QA testing across the software development life cycle, including designing, developing, and implementing test plans, test cases and test processes.

At KBX Digital we use server-less technology to auto scale micro-services to serve millions of customers.

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